Computer Programming vs Computer Science – A Complete Guide

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Computer programming vs computer science

Computer programming is the process of designing, writing, testing, fixing bugs, and maintaining computer software source code.  It involves using programming languages to make a set of instructions that a computer can understand and follow to do specific tasks or solve problems. Here in this blog, we will discuss some types of computer programs and Computer programming vs computer science

Types of computer programming

Procedure-based programming

Procedural programming is a step-by-step technique of programming in which the program is broken into procedures or subroutines. Each procedure completes a specific task. C, Pascal, and Fortran are all examples of procedural programming languages.

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)

OOP models a program using objects, which are instances of classes. A class defines the properties and actions of objects, and objects can communicate with one another via methods. OOP is based on the principles of inheritance, encapsulation, and polymorphism. These concepts make it possible to reuse code and organize it better. C++, Java, and Python are examples of it.

Functional Programming

Functional programming languages are intended specifically for symbolic computation and list-processing applications. The foundation of functional programming is mathematical functions. FP is concerned with the outcome rather than the process, thus iterations like loop statements and conditional statements (e.g., If-Else) are not supported. Popular functional programming languages include Lisp, Python, Erlang, Haskell, Clojure, and others.


Scripting languages are typically used to automate operations and add functionality to existing programs because they are interpreted rather than compiled. They are usually high-level, dynamically typed, and easy to develop and read. Examples of scripting programs are Python, Ruby, and Perl.

Event-Driven Programming

The flow of a program in event-driven programming is determined by events, which are actions or occurrences that cause a response in the software. This programming is often used in graphical user interfaces, where actions are triggered by clicking buttons or moving the mouse. JavaScript and Visual basic C# are common event-driven programming.

Logic Programming

Logic programming is a logic-based programming approach. This indicates that a logical programming language uses logic-based phrases to represent facts and rules. Computation with logic programming is accomplished by making logical inferences from all accessible data.  Programs written in logical programming languages are made up of statements written logically. Based on these statements, the system automatically comes up with a solution. Example of this language is Prolog and Mercury.

These are just a few of the most important types of computer programming. Each type has its strengths and weaknesses. The choice of programming language and paradigm is usually based on the type of problem, how the software will be used, and personal preference.

Computer programming vs computer science

Computer programming and computer science are parts of the larger field of computer technology, but they are still different.

Programming is the process of designing, writing, testing, fixing bugs, and keeping the source code of software up to date. It requires knowing how to use programming languages to make software that can do different things and solve problems. Programming aims to write code that works well, can be run quickly, and is easy to keep up with.

On the other hand, computer science studies computers and how they work. It includes the theory and practice of computing, such as algorithms, programming languages, software engineering, computer architecture, databases, artificial intelligence, and more. The goal of computer science is to figure out how computers work and come up with better ways to use them to solve problems.


There are a lot of soft skills that can help people in both fields do well. Innovation, flexibility, and the ability to work with others are all useful traits, and employers often look for people who can think analytically. Organizing skills help tech pros do their jobs well. Communication skills are also important for computer scientists and programmers because they may work with clients who don’t know much about how code works. Misunderstandings can be lessened by giving explanations that are easy to understand.

Computer programming requires a certain set of skills, like being able to write code, fix software bugs, and work with algorithms. On the other hand, computer science requires a wider range of skills, such as math, solving problems, and thinking critically.

Solving Problems

Computer programming is more about finding real-world solutions to problems, while computer science is more about learning and understanding the basic ideas of computing and making new technologies.


Computer Programming vs Computer Science: Programmers usually have a degree in computer programming, while computer scientists usually have a bachelor’s degree in computer science. But computer programmers may get a degree in computer science first and then switch to programming. This is because computer science is a more common degree, and most professionals in both fields know how to code at least a little bit.

Job Duties

Computer programmers are responsible to write and test code, fix bugs, and keep software up to date. On the other hand, computer scientists are responsible for making new algorithms, looking for new ways to use technology, and doing research.

Career opportunity

Learning to code can lead to many jobs, such as making software, mobile apps, and websites. A computer science degree holder can do jobs in many fields, such as research and development, data analysis, and Al(artificial intelligence) field.


Computer science and computer programming pay can vary depending on several things, such as the level of education, the number of years of experience, and the location. But, as a general rule, people who work in computer science tend to make more money than people who work in computer programming.

According to Glassdoor average salary for a computer science professional in the United States is around $92,000 per year, but a computer programmer can earn around $74,000 per year.

Also, people who work in computer science may have more chances to advance in their careers because they are often involved in research and development and making new technologies.

Programming computers vs. computers engineering

Programming a computer means writing code to make software programs that can do certain tasks and solve problems. The main focus of computer programming is making software, and computer programmers design, write, test, and keep up with software applications.

On the other hand, computer engineering is a type of electrical engineering that makes computer systems and networks. Computer engineers are interested in both the hardware and software parts of computing and design and build computer systems that include both hardware and software parts.


In short, in Computer Programming vs Computer Science,  computer programming is all about making software, while computer engineering is about making a computer system’s hardware and software parts. Both fields are important to the growth and development of technology, and they often overlap and teach each other new things.

Program computers might be the right field for you if you want to write software and make useful apps. Computer engineering might be a better fit if you’re more interested in designing and making hardware and software computer systems.


Jennifer Lopez
Jennifer Lopez: A Guide to Her Life and Career
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