What is social learning theory and criminology Theories?

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social learning

What is social learning theory?

Social learning theory is a psychological theory that proposes that people learn by observing and mimicking the actions of others.

The theory also considers that cognitive and emotional processes affect how people learn. For example, learning involves cognitive processes like attention, memory, motor reproduction, and motivation. Emotions like anxiety and self-efficacy also affect how people look at, process, and remember what they see in the model.

History of the social learning theory

Psychologist Albert Bandura first suggested it in the 1960s. Since then, many people in fields like psychology, sociology, and education have studied it. According to this theory people learn through observational learning, in which they observe and copy the actions of others.

This theory has been utilized in various sectors, including education, criminal justice, clinical psychology, and marketing. In education, for example, it has been used to make teaching methods that encourage students to watch and copy the actions and attitudes of successful people.

An essential part of social learning theory

There are 3 parts to social learning theory

  • Modeling, which means observation, is how other people act and act like them. According to it, people can learn new behaviors, attitudes, and values by watching what other people do, especially if they see those actions as being successful or rewarded.
  • Reinforcement happens when people are praised for following rules, punished for breaking them, or rewarded for doing what is expected of them.
  • Punishment can be either affective (used to stop the bad behavior) or cognitive (reinforcers).

There are some reasons why social learning theory is essential

  • First, it offers a comprehensive framework for how humans learn through imitation and observation. This is important for fields like education, where teaching methods can encourage student observation and imitation of effective behaviors and attitudes.
  • Second, it shows how much social factors affect how people act. It can solve problems like crime and violence by focusing on the social factors that lead to these behaviors.
  • Third, it shows how vital self-control is to learning. Social learning theory can encourage positive behaviour change by explaining why specific individuals are influenced to act in a certain way. Furthermore, it also explains how this is done when they believe that doing so would benefit their own lives.
  • Fourth, it takes into account the ways that thinking and feeling affect the learning process. This helps us understand how people observe, process, and remember information from the model as well as how emotions affect these processes.

Overall, social learning theory is essential to understanding how people act. It can be used in education, criminal justice, ( also known as social learning theory criminology) clinical psychology, and marketing. It gives a complete picture of how people learn and how their cultural climate, cognitive processes, and emotions shape their behavior.

What is social learning theory in Criminology?

The social learning theory of criminology is that people can learn from misbehave not just from their families but also from their friends, peers, and even other criminals.

Ernst Gaertner and John Kramer developed the social learning theory of criminology. It combines behavioristic and biological approaches to understanding why people do bad things. The theory gives a psychological explanation for why people commit crimes and a deterministic approach that focuses on the things that cause criminal behavior.

The social learning theory of criminology is that people learn to do bad things by observing others act. When children are young and don’t have much parental supervision, they are likelier to have bad attitudes and act in ways that aren’t good for society.

Other Criminology Theories

Life course theory Criminology

The life course theory observes how a person’s development affects their involvement in crime for their life.

The life course theory of criminology is a branch of criminology that looks at how crime is linked to social and economic factors. Instead of focusing on specific parts of crime at a particular time or place, like drug use or homelessness, it looks at how poverty and inequality affect crime over time.

Life course theory criminology observes situations and processes that lead to people becoming criminals.

Rational choice theory Criminology

The rational choice theory says that criminals decide which actions to take based on the costs and benefits of each one.

Logic and reason criminology is a type of criminology that starts with the idea that criminals are smart people. So, the rational choice theory will always be used in most debates about crime and justice in society, whether many people like it or not.

The rational choice theory of criminology is based on the idea that people’s beliefs, attitudes, and goals affect how they act. In other words, we make decisions based on all the information we have at the time. Along this line, you can find an essential thing in any human activity.

Conflict theory Criminology

Conflict theory is a type of criminological theory that explains why people do bad things by looking at their power, status, and opportunities.

The conflict theory of Criminology is an explanation for crime and delinquency as a whole. According to this theory, crime and delinquency are caused by the interaction of individual motives, and the conditions set by their culture. The conflict theory tries to explain why people do bad things, like commit crimes and act like troublemakers. According to it that when there is an imbalance between the rewards available for good and bad behavior in society, there will be too much of one kind of behavior and not enough of the other.

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